1. affect (v): 1) to change or influence something, to have an effect on sth/sb. Her words didn’t affect me. What you eat affects your health. In February an epidemic of flu began in the region. Many people were reported to be affected. 2) formal) to pretend to feel (have or do) sth that you don’t really feel (have or do). He affected illness so that he could stay off work. Alice affected a look of disinterest not to show how eager she was to know who was coming.
2. affectation (n): (derogatory) behaviour, which is not one’s natural manner. Margaret is not really American — her accent is just an affectation.
3. affected (adj): not real, natural or sincere, showing affectation. Ann’s affected manners annoyed Jill.
4.) ) ) arrange (v): 1) to put in order. Arrange these books in alphabetical order. Rachel arranged the flowers in a vase. 2) to plan or fix sth; to arrange sth for sb. Can you arrange our meetings for next week? I have arranged our holidays in Eastern Europe. To arrange for sb/sth to do sth. Please arrange for a taxi to collect us after the performance.
5. arrangement (n): 1) the result of arranging. Flower arrangements. 2) an agreement. To come to an arrangement. They have finally come to an arrangement about sharing the money. I find the new arrangement very effective. 3) a plan or preparation. Have you made any arrangements for a meeting with Mr Parson? An arranged marriage. Tom and Sharon chose to marry each other themselves, theirs is not an arranged marriage.
6. discord (n): 1) (formal) disagreement and unpleasantness between people. I don’t want to risk introducing a note of discord into the evening. 2) a combination of musical sounds, which sound unattractive. His unbearable discords were more than I could hear.
7. discordant (adj): strange or unpleasant because it doesn’t fit in with other things; not matching other things. A discordant sound, a discordant piece of furniture.
8. gasp (n): the sound made by suddenly breathing in, because of surprise, sudden pain, etc. A gasp of fear, gasps of amazement. He listened to Don breathing in short gasps.
9. gasp (v): to take sudden sharp breath. He gasped with pain. He was gasping for breath after running so hard.
10. greed (n): an eager desire forsomething (food, money) especially for more than is necessary or fair for you to have. Eating five cakes one after the other is nothing but greed.
11. greedy (adj): wanting more than one needs or than is fair for them to have. People got richer and also greedier.
12. masterpiece (n): an excellent piece of work, esp. art, which is the best type or one of the best that a particular person has done. uThe Mona Lisa” was Leonardo’s masterpiece.
13. piece (n): 1) a part (bit) of anything. A piece of cake, a piece of paper, a piece of news. 2) something written or composed. He has written a piece about art in this week’s newspaper.
14. poverty (n): 1) the condition ofbeing poor. They lived in extreme poverty (below the poverty line). 2) lack of sth. His later stories show (a) surprising poverty of imagination. Poverty-stricken: extremely poor.
15. shadow (n): 1) an area of shade on the ground caused by an object blocking the light. We were in the shadow of a building. He walked along in the shadows hoping no one would recognize him. The whole flowerbed is in shadow. 2) a dark shape made on a surface by something between the surface and direct light. As the sun set, the shadows lengthened. To cast shadows. The tree cast its shadows on the wall.
16. sheer (adj): absolute, pure, unmixed with anything else, nothing but. He won by sheer luck. The journey to work was sheer hell. He sat down and wept out of sheer joy.
17. victim (n): a person who suffers death or harm as a result of someone else’s action or a disaster. A murder victim. Food is being sent to the victims of the disaster.
B Remember how the words were used in the text "The Picture".