British author and poet, born in Bombay, India. He had a very happy childhood until, at the age of six, he and his sister were sent to England to be educated. His next six years were miserable. He was neglected and treated cruelly by the couple who were looking after him. At 12, he went to live with his aunt and only then spoke of what he had gone through. At the age of 16, he returned to his beloved India where he worked as a journalist. He wrote many poems and short stories ,including Mandalay (1890) and Gunga Din (1892 . These were published in the paper along with his news reports and later as collections.
He travelled extensively and married in 1892. Over the next few years Kipling wrote The Jungle Books (1894-1895 , Captains Courageous (1897 , The Day's Work (1898) and many more. He had two daughters and a son, and life was wonderful until his eldest daughter died of pneumonia at the age of 7. From then on, life was never the same again, and the family moved to the English countryside for a secluded life. Kipling was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature, but he turned down the honour of Poet Laureate) and a knighthood many times.
Kipling's most famous poem If (1895) is an inspiring, motivational poem about how to overcome difficulties. It emphasises the value of inner strength and the ability to not show your emotions.
If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you; If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too;) If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies, Or, being hated, don't give way to hating, And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise;
If you can dream - and not make dreams your master;) If you can think - and not make thoughts your aim; If you can meet with triumph and disaster And treat those two impostors just the same; If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken Twisted by knaves1 to make a trap for fools, Or watch the things you gave your life to broken, And stooj) and build 'em up with worn-out tools;
If you can make one heap of all your Mings And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss2, And lose, and start again at your beginnings) And never breathe a word about your loss; If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew3 To serve your turn long after they are gone, And so hold on when there is nothing in you Except the w§ which says to them: "Hold on";