Упр.4 Модуль 4 Culture Corner ГДЗ Spotlight 11 класс

4. Портфолио: В группе, найдите информацию о человеке, который помог улучшить условия в вашей стране для школьного журнала.

Решение #1

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin was born on the 7th of October in Leningrad. In 1970, Vladimir Putin entered the State University of Zhdanov, where he studied at the faculty of Law. After graduation, he began to work in the State Security Committee. After working for 9 years there, Vladimir Vladimirovich continued his studies.
Since 1990 Vladimir Vladimirovich worked as the assistant of rector of Leningrad State University. Then in 1991 in St. Petersburg City Hall, he worked as the chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee. Six months later, Vladimir Putin, was transferred to the post of lieutenant-colonel in the active reserve of the KGB.
Vladimir Vladimirovich became the deputy chief of staff president in 1996. In a short time, he was considered an influential political figure in the Kremlin. Then he was appointed deputy head of the presidential administration, and since 1998 the director of the FSB of Russia. A little time later, he combined the work of the Secretary of the Security Council.
Putin's speeches are laconic, concise, specific. For the whole Vladimir Putin’s life, he was awarded numerous awards, honors and titles, among them, state, foreign, religious and academic.
Владимир Владимирович Путин родился 7 октября в Ленинграде. В 1970 году Владимир Путин поступил в Государственный университет Жданова, где он учился на факультете права. После окончания университета, он начал работать в Комитете государственной безопасности. После работы в течение 9 лет, Владимир Владимирович продолжил учебу.
С 1990 года Владимир Владимирович работал помощником ректора Ленинградского государственного университета. Затем в 1991 году он начал работать в качестве председателя Комитета по внешним связям. Шесть месяцев спустя, Владимир Путин, был переведен на должность подполковника в резерв КГБ.
Владимир Владимирович стал заместителем начальника президента в 1996 году. За короткое время, он начал считаться влиятельным политическим деятелем в Кремле. Затем он был назначен заместителем главы президентской администрации, а с 1998 года стал директором ФСБ России. Спустя немного времени, он совмещал работу Секретаря Совета Безопасности.
Выступления Путина лаконичны, кратки, конкретны. За всю жизнь Владимира Путина, он был удостоен многочисленных наград, званий и титулов, среди них - государственные, иностранные, религиозные и академические.

Решение #2

Peter the Great.
Peter was born on May the 30th of 1672 year and died January on the 28th of 1725. He was the last king and the first emperor of Russia. From a young age he was interested in the sciences and overseas lifestyle, so Peter the first made a long journey to Western Europe. On his return from it, in 1698, Peter launched a large-scale reform of the Russian state and social order. One of the main achievements of Peter has become the solution of the problem in the XVI century: the expansion of Russian territory in the Baltic region after the victory in the Great Northern War, which allowed him to take in 1721 the title of Emperor. Thanks to Peter, exploration of ore resources was actively carried out, also, iron foundries and arms factories were built in the Urals and Central Russia, and everywhere appeared new towns. His conversions made Russia a strong, developed and civilized country. And our country was entered into the community of the world's great powers.
Пётр родился 30ого Мая 1672 и умер 28ого Января 1725. Он был последним царём Руси и первым императором. С раннего возраста он интересовался наукой и заграничным образом жизни, так что Пётр первым совершил долгое путешествие в страны Западной Европы. После возвращения на Родину в 1698 Пётр развернул масштабные реформы российского государства и общественного уклада. Одним из главных достижений Петра стало решение поставленной в XVI веке задачи: расширение территорий России в Прибалтийском регионе после победы в Великой Северной войне, что позволило ему принять в 1721 году титул российского императора. Благодаря Петру, активно проводилась разведка рудных богатств, а также строились чугунолитейные и оружейные заводы на Урале и в Центральной России, везде появлялись новые города. Его преобразования сделали Россию сильной, развитой, цивилизованной страной. И наша страна была принята в сообщество великих мировых держав.

Решение #3

Ivan Betskoy was born on February 14, 1704. The out of wedlock son of a Russian prince, Betskoy spent his youth abroad. After returning to Russia upon his father's request, he became involved in Russian politics. He later served as advisor to Catherine II. He focused his reforms on education and the arts. Influenced by French educational theory, he pushed for changes in the educational system that included schools for girls. Born himself out of wedlock and concerned about the high rate of infanticide, he founded two large homes for orphans and illegitimate children. His belief in the importance of the middleclass brought him to establish a commercial school in Moscow to encourage the development of a merchant class. His most important career achievement was the establishment of Russia's first unified system of public education. He lived a long and influential life and died in 1796 at the age of 92. He will always be remembered for his significant reforms that created the foundation for Russia's educational system.
Иван Бецкий родился 14 февраля, 1704 года. Незаконнорожденный сын русского принца, Бецкий провел свою юность заграницей. После возвращения в Россию по просьбе отца, он начал учувствовать в политике России. Позднее он служил советником Екатерины II. Он сконцентрировал свои реформы на образовательной системе и искусстве. Под влиянием французской образовательной теории, он настаивал на изменениях в образовательной системе, что включало школы для девушек. Рожденный сам вне брака, и обеспокоенный о высоком уровне детоубийства, он основал 2 больших дома для сирот и незаконнорожденных. Его вера в важность средних классов привела его к основанию коммерческой школы в Москве, чтобы поддержать развитие купечества. Самым главным его достижением в карьере была организация первой единой в России системы общественного образования. Он прожил долгую и важную жизнь и умер в 1796 году в возрасте 92 лет. Его всегда будут помнить за его важные реформы, которые послужили основанием для российской образовательной системы.
4.) Portfolio: In groups, find information about a person who has helped improve conditions in your country for the school magazine.
Barrack Hospital, Scutari 14th November, 1854
Not a sponge, nor a rag of linen, not anything I have left. Everything is gone to make pillows and shirts. These poor feHows have not had a clean shirt nor been washed/or two months be/ore they came here, and the state in which they arrive from, the transport is literally crawling. I hope in a few days we shall establish a little cleanliness. But we have not a basin, nor a towel, nor a bit of soap, nor a broom - I have ordered 300 scrubbing brushes. But one half of the barrack is so out of repair that it is impossible to use a drop of water on the stone /loors, which are laid on rotten wood, and would give our men fever in no time.
Florence Nightingale was born in 1820 to a rich family. Her parents expected her to marry and have a family. But Florence did not want a 1)......(mean) life. She wanted to help the sick and the poor. 2)......(event), she persuaded her father to let her become a nurse. In i854, England, France and Turkey went to war against Russia (the Crimean War). Reports began to reach England of the 3)...... (terror) conditions soldiers were suffering in the army hospitals. Florence volunteered to go and help. When she arrived, she found thousands of ill and wounded soldiers living in filthy conditions.
The hospitals were 4)......(crowd) and unventilated. Soldiers lay without proper food, bedding and 5)......(cloth). There was a lack of basic medical supplies like bandages and medicine. Rats and sewage filled the hospital corridors. Soldiers were dying in the thousands, not from their wounds but from the unsanitary conditions. Florence cleaned up the hospital, made sure the men were fed 6)......(proper), and saw that supplies were available. She worked almost around the clock looking after the soldiers. Florence soon became known as 'the Lady with the Lamp' for her 7)......(dedicate) to caring for her patients. News of her hard work in Crimea filtered back to London. She became a celebrity. By the time she arrived back in London, she was the most 8)......(fame) person in Britain after Queen Victoria.
After the war, Florence continued to work to improve conditions in hospitals. She even established a school for nursing and wrote an 9)...... (influence) book on the profession. She also became an important 10)...... (consult) on health issues. In fact, it was her work after the war that changed medical care forever.
In her later years, Florence suffered from ill health. She died in 1910, at the age of ninety.