A 61 -year-old man who was rescued after three weeks in the Baltic Sea says he survived on dog biscuits and sugar. (A)
Hans Roger Edstroem from Sweden got into trouble when his motor boat broke down. He was rescued by Latvian coastguards five miles off the country's coastline.
Fishermen spotted Edstroem, who was drifting about five miles off Latvia's north-west coast, and alerted maritime authorities.
A rescue boat picked him up and took him to Ventspils, which is 125 miles from the capital, Riga. (C) They took Edstroem to a hospital, where he was treated for dehydration.
Edstroem said he set off from an island near Stockholm on September 1 with enough food for six days. Two days later the 42-year-old boat's battery went dead, and his engine and radio no longer worked.
After his regular provisions ran out, he said he found some dog food on board and made "a porridge" from it. He also ate a two-pound bag of sugar. Both the dog food and sugar ran out nine days before his rescue. Edstroem said he was on his way to the Baltic Sea island of Gotland, which is 60 miles east off the Swedish mainland. Latvia is 100 miles further east.
Edstroem, whose courage and self-discipline is amazing, said he never exhausted his supply of water but carefully rationed it. (B)
1 In which of the highlighted sentences, A or B, is the relative clause essential to its meaning?
2 Which of the clauses in sentence A or В gives additional information? Can it be taken away so that the sentence still makes sense?
3 What difference in punctuation have you noticed?
4 Why is who used in sentence A and which in sentence C?
5 Find in the text relative clauses that tell us something about the time and place of action. What relative pronouns are used there?
to run out — come to an end)
survive — continue to live in spite of difficulties
drift — move slowly on water without any purpose
spot — notice
alert — warn someone of danger
maritime authorities — береговые службы
dehydration — обезвоживание организма
exhausted — here used up