1. beg (v : 1) to ask for something in a way that shows you want it very much. To beg for sth, to beg sb (not) to do sth. “Please don 't be angry!” she begged. The first experiment failed but we begged for another chance. 2) to ask people for money or food usually because you are very poor. The children went from door to door begging for money.
2. beggar (n : someone who is very poor and lives by asking people for money or food. Beggars can't be choosers: (informal) used to say that you have to accept anything that is offered to you. I could get only a cheap seat in the pit, but I guess beggars can ’t be choosers.
3. embarrassed (adj : ashamed of something and worried about what other people will think of you. To be too embarrassed to do sth, to be embarrassed by sth, to be embarrassed about sth. The boy understood what was happening but was too embarrassed to protest. At that moment I was somewhat embarrassed by my sister's words. Jane was lying and felt very embarrassed about it.
4. fancy (v : 1) (informal) to want to have or do something. Fancy doing sth. I don't fancy playing tennis in such hot weather. What do you fancy for dessert? 2) to believe or imagine that something is true. It's not easy to fancy that your wildest dream will soon come true. Fancy that you know my sister! Fancy that! - (informal) used when you are very surprised about something. — I've written a poem for you. — Fancy that!
5. fee (n : 1) (usually plural) money that you pay to a professional person or institution for their work. To charge/pay fees. What fees does the lawyer charge? 2) money that you pay to be allowed to do something, such as join an organization. The club charges a small fee of ?3 a year.
6. precise (adj : 1) exact and accurate. Can you be a little more precise? The story was told in precise detail. To be precise — used to say that the information you are giving is more exact than what you have said before. We learned the news recently, the day before yesterday to be precise. 2) (only before nouns) definite, exact. At that precise moment someone rang at the door.
7. precisely (adv : 1) exactly. Mike is precisely the man to do this difficult job. 2) clearly. The headmaster spoke very precisely. 3) (informal) used to say that you wholly agree. — So the cat was let out of the bag? — Precisely.
8. reflect (v : 1) to throw back (light, heat or image . The old mirror reflected my tired face. 2) to think about something carefully and seriously. He reflected for a moment and then spoke again. To reflect on sth. Try to reflect on your future.
9. remain) (v : 1) to stay or be left behind. She remained at home to look after her younger brother when her parents went to the cinema. It only remains for me to say that our meeting has been very useful. 2) to continue to be. The weather remained dry for another couple of weeks. Population growth remains a serious problem in this country.
10. risk (n : the possibility that something unpleasant or dangerous might happen. The risk of sth/doing sth. There is a great risk of being taken ill during an epidemic. There's no risk that we’ll miss the train, there’s still plenty of time. To take a/the risk. A good driver never takes a risk. If I were you, I wouldn’t take the risk of leaving the child alone.
11. risk (v : to do something although you know that something bad could happen as a result. To risk sth/doing sth. A lot of people on our planet still risk death from starvation. I think I’ll risk taking a swim though the water doesn’t look very inviting.
Note: The verb “risk” should always be followed by another word in a sentence — a noun, a pronoun or a gerund. Cf.: The Russian statement Я бы не рисковал corresponds to I wouldn ’t risk the journey/I wouldn ’t risk going on this journey/I wouldn 7 risk it/I wouldn’t take any risk(s .
12. shabby (adj : old and in bad condition. It’s time to change this shabby furniture for something new. The clothes are too shabby to wear.
13. twinkle (v : 1) to shine through darkness with a soft light that rapidly changes from bright to faint. We admired the stars twinkling in the dark sky. 2) (about eyes) to be bright with cheerfulness and pleasure. "I'm glad to be back,” he said, his eyes twinkling.
by accident = by chance
by heaven = by god. Used for emphasizing what you are saying in a determined or angry way.
to catch sight of sb/sth = to see sth for a very short time
to earn one's living = to earn enough money to pay for everything you need
to give a cursory glance = to look briefly
to keep body and soul together = to have just enough money to buy food and other necessary things
B Remember how the words were used in the text "The Happy Man".