1. board (n : 1) a flat piece of wood. Boards had been nailed across the broken window. 2) a flat piece of wood used for special purposes. A noticeboard, a chess board. He put the bread on the hoard and began to slice it. The train station has an electronic board showing all departure times. 3) the most important people in a company who make decisions. She has recently been appointed to the board of directors. 4) meals provided for you when you stay at a hotel or live at another person’s house. The inn provided board and lodging.
2. decency (n : behaviour that is normal, good or reasonable. No one with any sense of decency can ignore their request for help. Common decency. It is common decency to phone and say you’re going to be late. To have the decency to do sth. Have the decency to admit that you’re wrong.
3. distress (v : to make someone feel very unhappy, worried or upset. It distresses him to think that he can't change anything.
4. disturb) (v : to interrupt someone and stop them from continuing what they were doing. I didn’t want to disturb you in the middle of a meeting.
5. fade (v : 1) gradually to become less clear, noticeable up to final disappearance. The laughter faded when they saw Kate’s face. They heard footsteps go past the room, then fade into the distance. Ifthe light fades, itgets dark. 2) gradually to become or make paler, weaker. The sun has faded the red curtains. Hopes that he will be found alive are fading. The flowers in the vase are beginning to fade.
6. hesitate (v : to pause before doing sth. The girl hesitated a moment, then knocked on the door. Julia was hesitating between a cup of coffee and orange juice. I didn’t hesitate about working with George. He stood hesitating over whether to join them.
7. oppressive (adj : 1) cruel, unjust. Oppressive forces, an oppressivegovernment. 2) with no wind and very hot, as if there is about to be a storm. We’ve had really oppressive weather today.
8. rub (v : to press and move your hands or an object over a surface. The boy rubbed the magic lamp and a giant appeared. The nurse rubbed my back until the pain went away. John rubbed the dirt off the number plate with his sleeve. The cat rubbed against my leg.
9. scratch (v : 1) to pull your nails along your skin to stop itching. You should try not to scratch insect bites. He kept scratching at his nose. 2) to cut someone’s skin slightly with something sharp. The tree's branches had scratched his hands and they were bleeding. / scratched my arm on a rose bush.
10. shiver (v : to make shaking movements usually when you are cold. To shiver with cold. I stood at the bus stop shivering with cold and wishing that / had worn my fur coat.
11. shrewd) (adj : able tojudge people and situations well and make good decisions. A shrewd old woman, a shrewd politician. James turned out to be a shrewd businessman and soon he made a fortune.
12. spin (spun, spun) (v : 1) to turn round and round quickly. The Earth spins on its axis. She spun round to face him. 2) to form threads from wool, cotton, etc. by pulling it out and twisting it. The old lady showed us how to spin wool.
13. treat (v : 1) to behave towards someone in a particular way. To treat sb coldly (politely . She felt she had been unfairly treated. / have always treated my parents with respect. 2) to use medicine or medical methods to cure an illness (often passive . She was treated for earache with eardrops. Patients are often treated with a combination of medication and exercise. 3) to do or buy sth special for someone or oneself. Bob treated us all to dinner at an expensive restaurant.