1. awe) (n): a feeling of great respect and admiration, often mixed with fear. The magnificent view filled us with awe. To be/stand in awe of sb/sth. He is in awe of his new teacher. The girls gazed at their hero in awe.
2. betray (v): to be disloyal or unfaithful to sb/sth. It is difficult to understand people who betray their country. Real friends never betray each other. To betray someone's trust/secret; to betray one's beliefs or principles. She had betrayed all her principles and told a lie. Don't worry, I'll never betray your trust, I promise to keep your secret.
3. claim (v): 1) to say that something is true, even though there is no definite proof. Martin claims he saw the criminal with his own eyes. Some newspapers claim that there has been fierce shooting downtown. To claim to do sth. The company claims to produce more cars that any other company all over the world. 2) to say that something is yours, especially as a right. Henry VII claimed the English throne after defeating Richard III. Note: "A brown purse found on the ground floor. Claim it in Room 5. "
4. confirm) (v): to say or prove that something is true. Please bring your passports to confirm your identity. To confirm sb's suspicions/fears. When I heard the news I understood that my worst fears were confirmed. The man's strange behaviour only confirmed my suspicions. To confirm sb in their belief/view/determination. My father's words confirmed me in my determination to become a surgeon.
5. demand) (v): 1) to say in a very firm way that sb wants sth. We demanded to know what was happening. The demonstrators demanded to set free the prisoners. To demand sth of/from sb. / demand a lot of others but more of myself. The company demanded loyalty from its employers. 2) to say that sth requires sth. The work is hard and demands great skill.
6. deny (v): 1) to declare untrue, refuse to accept as a fact. Do you deny that this is your letter? The government denied selling guns to the terrorists. There is no denying that (= it's very clear that). There is no denying that this business is going to collapse. 2) to refuse to give or allow. The boy was denied the chance of going to university. Permission to leave was denied to the children.
7. deserve (v): if you deserve something, it is right that you get it. After all this hard work you deserve a break. I think he deserves to be praised. To deserve sb's time/attention. The new book by this author deserves the public's attention.
8. execute (v): 1) to kill someone as a punishment for a crime. Both the criminals were executed on the same day. 2) (formal) to complete something that you have agreed or planned to do, to do sth difficult, to create a work of art. All the work must be executed on time. When was this sculpture executed?
9. innocent (adj): 1) not guilty of a crime. Under the law, everyone is considered innocent until proved guilty. 2) not wishing to harm or upset someone. It was only an innocent mistake. 3) not very experienced, knowing little of the hardships of life. Sally is as innocent as a baby unborn.
10. menace (n): someone or something that is dangerous. Terrorists are a menace to society. The busy road is a menace to the children's safety.
11. seek (sought) (v): 1) (formal) to try to find or get something(sometimes followed by the preposition for). The travellers sought shelter from the rain. We do not always find what we seek (for). 2) (formal) to ask for something, to try to get sth. To seek advice/help/permission/approval/refuge. You must first seek permission before publishing their names. On a box of medicine: "Seek medical advice if symptoms last more than a week."
12.) sentence (v): (often passive) to decide that someone must be given a punishment (said when a judge or court makes a decision about someone's punishment). He was sentenced to three years in prison.
13.) trial (n): 1) hearing and judging a person or case in a court. The murder trial lasted six weeks. To be/go on trial. He is on trial for robbery. 2) an act or period of testing. The new drug is undergoing clinical trials. I took the car on trial, but I didn V like it, so I took it back. 3) an annoying, difficult thing. To be a trial to sb. That child is a real trial to his parents.