1) Look at the three maps. Which is the map of the United Kingdom? Which is the map of Great Britain? Which is the map of the British Isles? Read through the text and label each map. Use the Word Box to learn the*meaning of the highlighted words.
Two large islands and a lot of small ones are situated to the northwest of Europe. They are known as the British Isles. The largest island is called Great Britain. The other large island is called Ireland. In the British Isles there are two states: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
Great Britain, or Britain, is the name for the largest island in the British Isles, which is divided into England, Scotland and Wales. It is the eighth largest island in the world. It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north and in the west and by the North Sea in the east. In the south it is separated by the English Channel from the continent.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the political name for the country, which is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.* It is usually known by a shorter name of the United Kingdom or the UK. People often name the United Kingdom as Great Britain or Britain. The capital of the UK is London. The population of the UK is more than 60 million people. It should be remembered that not only the English live in the UK. The Scots, Welsh and Irish are British too. The British are also people of other ethnic groups whose parents came to live in the UK in the 1950s and 1960s from India, Pakistan, Hong Kong and other places.
Most British people speak English, but such languages as Welsh, Gaelic* and others are also spoken and taught at schools in the UK.
situated - расположенный
north - север
west - запад
south - юг
east - восток
a state - государство
to divide — делить(ся), разделять(ся)
to wash - омывать
to separate - отделять
to make up phr v - составлять
a population - население
ethnic - этнический
such... as - как, например; такой (-ая, -ие)..., как
Words to guess
an ocean -?
2) What is the difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and the British Isles? Answer the questions.
• What are the British Isles? Where are they situated? What states are situated in the British Isles?
• What is the UK? What countries is the UK made up of?
• What is Great Britain? What countries is Great Britain divided into?
• What is the make up of the population of the UK?
• What languages are spoken in the UK?