Упр.1 Unit 2 Reader
ГДЗ English Кузовлев 10-11 класс
1) Try to identify the meaning of the following notions. Match the words with their definitions.
an absolute monarch
a constitutional monarch
the royal family
a system of government by a monarch
in opposition to monarchy
a ruler who has total power over his country and who ruthlessly (жестоко) rules his country
a monarch who has unlimited power
a monarch whose power is limited by a constitution
the family of a king or queen
2) Which notions can be used to describe the British monarchy?
3) Where do these headlines belong? (reading for the main idea)
Why The Monarchy Must Stay
Why The Monarchy Must Go
It is anti-democratic - and brings Britain back. People don’t differentiate between the words ‘monarchy’ and ‘royal family’. The young royals spoiled the reputation of the monarchy very much. Despite the anti-monarchical feeling that exists in the country, however, it is still hard to discover a strong movement toward a republic in Britain. The Independent, one of the Britain’s most respected broadsheet newspapers that started the debate on this issue, still favours the retention (сохранение) of Queen Elizabeth as the head of state until her death.
Winston Churchill often described parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarch as not perfect - but the best that the man had yet created. It is human nature to need a leader in the helm (шлем).
The Queen has powers that can surprise many. She can choose a Prime Minister, dissolve (распустить) Parliament and declare war like an absolute monarch. But in reality, she does not have these powers and acts under the tradition on the advice of Parliament. It has prevented a dictator from ruling Great Britain since Oliver Cromwell’s short period in the 17th century.
The British monarch has served both the Empire and the Commonwealth. Queen Elizabeth is the head of state not only of one small island nation, but also of the 53 nations of the Commonwealth, with the population of 1.5 billion. In short, she is the head of state to more than one quarter of the earth’s inhabitants. It evokes a sense of unity between nations.
4) What are the arguments for and against the monarchy?