Упр.2 Unit 1 Reader
ГДЗ English Кузовлев 10-11 класс
1) The states of the USA also got their names in different ways.
Read the information about the nicknames of some of the states on page 6 and fill in the table. (reading for specific information/making notes)
Four-fifth of Maine is covered by forests that feed its wood-processing industry. Hence (отсюда) its nickname the 'Pine-Tree State'.
The official nickname of New Hampshire is the 'Granite State' because of her extensive granite quarries (карьер), and the people there are called 'Granite Boys'.
Vermont, the only New England state lacking an ocean coastline, is famous for its green mountains. Vermont is generally, by simple translation of the original French name, called the 'Green Mountain State' and Vermonters - 'Green Mountain Boys'.
The name 'Rhode lsland' is derived from the Dutch, and means 'the island'. Rhode Island, the nation's smallest state, is not an island. 'Little Rhody' is the nickname of Rhode Island.
Because more than one-third of the area of the state are the
Allegheny Mountains, West Virginia is called the 'Mountain State'. It's also known as the 'Panhandle State' because the shape (форма) of the state is like a pan with a handle on it.
The palmetto (карликовая пальма) grows abundantly in South Carolina, especially along the coast, and is pictured on her coat of arms (герб); as a result it has given the nickname to South Carolina - the 'Palmetto State'.
Florida was named by Ponce de Leon in 1512 due to the fact that the whole region which he saw was covered with
flowers. Florida's nicknames are: the 'Alligator State', the
'Everglade State', the 'Land of Flowers', the 'Mocking-Bird State', the 'Orange State'.
The state Virginia is named after the Queen of England Elizabeth I (the 'Virgin Queen'). The names the 'Ancient Dominion' and the 'Old Dominion' are still widely applied to Virginia, having originated in colonial days, when Virginia was the oldest British colony in America. Because Virginia is the most northern of the South Atlantic States, located south of the Potomac River, radio broadcasters call it 'Down Where the South Begins'. Her nickname the 'Mother of Presidents' is thanks to the fact that so many of the early presidents of the United States were native Virginians, and because Virginia has produced such a great number of statesmen, she is called the 'Mother of Statesmen'.
Pennsylvania was named after William Penn, the founder of the colony. The term means 'Penn's woods', or 'Penn's forest'. Five nicknames are given to the State of Pennsylvania: the 'Coal State', the 'Keystone State', the 'Oil State', the 'Quaker State' and the 'Steel State'.
2) The information does not explain how the states got some of their nicknames.
Can you guess? If necessary, consult the LCG (Linguistic and Cultural Guide).