a) Choose one of the texts and read quickly through the text.
b) Tell each other what you have learnt from the text.
c) Read the other texts to find out if your partner has talked about everything.
Why throw away so much?
Many countries bury and forget about millions of tons of rubbish every year. It is known that in one year, a European family with two children throws away about 50 kilos of paper (that's six trees), and about 60 kilos of plastic.
The Green World reports say that in one year the average person throws away: about 70 food cans, 34 cans of pet food and about 70 drink cans.
But we don't have to throw away all our waste paper, glass, metal and plastic. We can also burn or recycle a lot of it. In fact waste can be wonderful stuff.
Many things that we throw away can still be useful. In fact it's possible to recycle 80% of domestic rubbish. We can recycle most kinds of paper, glass, metal and plastic. But only 4% of recyclable material is actually recycled. Recycling is expensive. But it saves trees and energy and protects the environment from pollution.
These days, people usually do shopping in supermarkets. Nearly everything is packed in paper or plastic containers. Some of this "packaging" is necessary. It keeps food clean and fresh. But some packaging is not necessary. It's just to make the food look better.
Every year in Britain each person produces about 57 kilograms of plastic waste.
Disposing of all this plastic is an expensive problem. But that's not all. Making plastic causes pollution.
Unfortunately, some of this packaging doesn't -each the bins. It becomes litter instead. Some people simply tear the wrapping off sweets and throw it away. They drop their cigarette packets and cans of drink without a thought.
In the town their litter looks horrible. But fortunately someone clears it away. In the countryside, it remains in the fields and on the roadsides unless the people who live nearby pick it up. It can kill or hurt farm animals. Bottles and cans cause cuts, and the animals can eat polythene bags and die, or put their heads in them and suffocate.