CLEOPATRA'S NEEDLE There is an unusual monument in LONDON. IT IS IN THE CENTRE OF LONDON ON THE BANK OF THE THAMES, NOT FAR FROM TRAFALGAR SQUARE. AND IT IS CALLED CLEOPATRA'S NEEDLE. IT IS AN OBELISK MADE OF RED GRANITE (гранит). ITS HEIGHT IS 20.87 METRES AND IT WEIGHS ABOUT 1 87 TONS. THE OBELISK IS COVERED WITH HIEROGLYPHS (иероглифы) THAT TELL US ABOUT THE WAR VICTORIES OF THE PHARAOHS OF ANCIENT
Egypt. But how did the obelisk that has the name of a beautiful queen appear in london? is it possible that cleopatra herself ever visited the misty banks of the thames?
THE OBELISK was cut FROM GRANITE IN EGYPT IN THE 1 5TH CENTURY ВС. THERE WERE ONLY SEVERAL OBELISKS of THAT KIND in HELIOPOLIS. A THOUSAND YEARS LATER, TWO OF THEM WERE TRANSPORTED TO ALEXANDRIA. AFTER a COUPLE of CENTURIES. ONE of THE TWO FELL in AN EARTHQUAKE. MUCH LATER, in 1819, THE LAST one WAS GIVEN AS a PRESENT TO THE BRITISH NATION by MAHOMMED All, THE ruler of EGYPT. IT WAS NOT EASY TO TRANSPORT it from EGYPT то England, a special metal container was made. the needle was put into it and then taken aboard a ship. it was a dangerous and tragic voyage. six sailors died, and the obelisk was nearly lost at sea. in spite of all the problems, it arrived in london and in 1879 was put on the pedestal near the thames.
there is one more curious thing about the obelisk. Perhaps it could be called a present for archaeologists of the future for. under the obelisk, there are now some objects from today's world that can give them unique information about our time. The scientists of the future will find bibles in various languages, british empire coins, a railway guide, daily newspapers, and twelve photographs of the most beautiful british women.
1 The obelisk Cleopatra's Needle tells us about the victories of British sailors.
2 The obelisk is made of red granite and nothing is written on it.
3 The obelisk tells us about the war victories-of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt.
4 The obelisk tells us about the victories of the Greek pharaohs over the British.
1 The obelisk was cut in Heliopolis, then it was transported to Alexandria, and only in the nineteenth century did it appear in London.
2 The obelisk was made in Heliopolis and then Cleopatra gave it to the British natioa as a present.
3 The obelisk was given to the British peopie because Cleopatra herself wanted it to Ы | sent to Britain.
4 The obelisk was cut in Britain from a blc-J of red granite that had been transported from Alexandria.
1 The obelisk can be called a present for I the archaeologists of the future because there are very expensive things under it
2 The obelisk can be called a present for j the archaeologists of the future became they will find coins and gold under it.
3 The obelisk can be called a present for I the archaeologists of the future because under it arc things that can give them unique information about the 20th century.
4 The obelisk can be called a present for I the archaeologists of the future because it is made of red granite and is very expensive.